Vision 2020 sets out a number of key indicators and targets


  • The Government of Rwanda aims to transform the country into a middle income country by 2020.
  • Achieving Rwanda’s social and economic develop- ment objectives is largely dependent upon its most valuable resource – it’s people.
  • To achieve these goals, the Rwandan people must be provided opportunities to develop knowledge, skills and attitudes to compete in the labour marketand contribute to the social and political life of their country.
  • Vision 2020 sets out a number of key indicators and targets, Education-specific targets for 2020 include an adult literacy rate of 100%, a primary Gross Enrol- ment Rate (GER) of 100%, and secondary GER of 98%.
  • Country targets: New indicators include a pupil-qual- ified teacher ratio of 40:1 at primary level and 30:1 at secondary level by 2020.
Pre-primary Education is organised in nursery schools
Structure of Rwanda’s education system:
  • In Rwanda the education system is composed of fourmain levels: Pre-primary, Primary, secondary, and Higher Education, with a significant TVET stream at both secondary and higher education levels.
  • Pre-primary Education is organised in nursery schools and for a period of three years for children between the age of 4 and 6.
  • Primary education lasts six years with the official school age at this level being from 7 years to 12 years.
  • This stage focuses on core literacy and numeracy skills, as well as preparation for secondary studies.
  • secondary Education also lasts for six years with the official age for this level being from 13 years to 18 years of age. It is subdivided into lower secondary (the first three years) and upper secondary (the last three years), both culminating in national examinations which respectively determine eligibility for university education.
Technical And Vocational Education And Training (TVET):
Technical And Vocational Education And Training (TVET):
  • Infrastructure development and construction of TVET schools across the country.
  • Introduce new programs that are closely con- nected to the labor markets
ICT IN Education:
  • Smart classrooms
  • E-learning
  • Digital content development
  • Teacher training in ICT at all levels.
Higher Education And Research:
  • Foreign universities are encouraged to open campuses in Rwanda
  • There are opportunities in constructing and managing student hostels in private and Government universities.
  • Supplement Government effort in scholarship provision of student loan schemes.