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EDUCATION SECTOR OVERVIEW

The Government of Rwanda aims to transform the country into an upper-middle-income country by 2035, and a high – income country by 2050. Achieving Rwanda’s social and economic develop­ment objectives is mainly dependent upon its most valuable resource – it’s people. To achieve these goals, the Rwandan people must be provided opportunities to build knowledge, skills, and attitudes to compete in the labor market and contribute to the social and political life of their country.

Structure of Rwanda’s education system

In Rwanda, the education system is composed of four main levels: Pre-primary, Primary, Secondary, and Higher Education, with a significant TVET stream at both secondary and higher education levels.

Pre-primary education is organized in nursery schools and for three years for children between the age of 4 and 6.

Primary education lasts six years, with the official school age at this level being from 7 years to 12 years. This stage focuses on core literacy and numeracy skills, as well as preparation for secondary studies.

Secondary Education also lasts for six years, with the official age for this level being from 13 years to 18 years of age. It is subdivided into lower secondary (the first three years) and upper secondary (the last three years), both culminating in national examinations, which respectively determine eligibility for university education

Investment Opportunities

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET):

  • Infrastructure development and construction of TVET schools across the country
  • Introduce new programs that are closely con­nected to the labor markets

ICT in Education

  • Smart classrooms
  • E-learning
  • Digital content development
  • Teacher training in ICT at all levels

Higher education and research:

  • Foreign universities are encouraged to open campuses in Rwanda with emphasis on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math).
  • There are opportunities in constructing and managing student hostels in private and Gov­ernment universities.
  • Supplement Government effort in scholarship provision of student loan schemes.

Incentives to support the Education sector

  • Corporate income tax holiday of up to 7 years is provided when investing at least an amount equivalent to 50 million USD
  • Accelerated depreciation rate of 50% for the first year
  • Foreign companies investing at least 250,000 USD are allowed to recruit three foreigners without a labor test.
  • Exemption of VAT on imported Technical and Vocational Education training materials